Effect of Supplementation of Different Levels of Azolla Plant Powder on The Productive Performance and Some Qualitative Characteristics of Eggs of Japanese Quail

Document Type : Original Article


1 Department of animal production, college of agriculture, University of Kirkuk

2 Animal production department. college of agriculture, Kirkuk university

3 Animal production department, college of agriculture, Kirkuk University

4 Animal production department, directorate of agricultural research, ministry of agriculture, KGR, Iraq


This study was carried out in the poultry field of the animal production department /college of agriculture/ Kirkuk university form (18th Feb, 2022 until 18th April 2022), to investigate effect of different azolla plant powder on the egg production, and its quality of Japanese quail.  Twenty male and sixty females at age 40 days were randomly allocated to five treatments (0% azolla, 4% azolla, 8% azolla, 4% azolla + Enzyme and 8% azolla + Enzyme). By using the electronic balance and digital clipper Vernier, the egg production and the egg quality traits were taken daily. The statistical software SAS was utilized to compute the mean, standard error, and significance using the General Linear Model (GLM). The discrepancies between the means were tested using the Duncan multiple range test. All the traits were significantly differing among the treatments (p<0.05). We conclude that adding azolla at 8% with enzyme was enhanced and increase the productivity and the egg quality traits of Japanese quail.


Main Subjects

Volume 55, Issue 7 - Serial Number 7
Special Issue Dr. Mahmoud F. Nawito (1939-2023)
November and December 2024
Pages 1869-1874
  • Receive Date: 20 January 2024
  • Revise Date: 14 February 2024
  • Accept Date: 07 March 2024