Lesion of Theileriosis In Camel : A review Article

Document Type : Review Artical


1 Department of Pathology and poultry diseases, College of Veterinary Medicine, University of Fallujah, Iraq.

2 Department of Pathology poultry diseases, College of Veterinary Medicine, University of Mosul, Mosul, Iraq


Theileria spps. are the primary cause of the protozoal disease called theileriosis, which primarily affects warm-blooded species worldwide. In tropical and subtropical areas, it is among the most prevalent tick-borne illnesses that affect domestic animals, Theileria camelensis is a protozoan parasite infecting camel, its presumed vector is ixodid ticks and biting flies. The majority of the parasite forms within the erythrocytes were rod-like in shape and the prescapular lymph nodes impression smears did not contain any schizonts, Blood smears as well as molecular diagnosis. The main clinical manifestations of theileria infection in camels include fever, watery discharge from the eyes, severe malnourishment, and sporadic diarrhea. Additional symptoms and signs that have been noted include sadness abortion, fatigue, reduced production of milk, jaundice, and even mortality. In addition to these systemic symptoms, swelling of the cutaneous lymph nodes was also observed. Clinical exams and relevant laboratory testing are combined to produce a conclusive diagnosis. Clinical signs and the analysis of tissue impression samples, lymph nodes, and Giemsa-stained blood are the basis for the initial diagnosis.  Tetracycline and buparvaquone are frequently used to treat theileriosis, with the latter being reserved for clinical situations.


Main Subjects

Volume 55, Issue 7 - Serial Number 7
Special Issue Dr. Mahmoud F. Nawito (1939-2023)
November and December 2024
Pages 2089-2094
  • Receive Date: 02 February 2024
  • Revise Date: 15 March 2024
  • Accept Date: 20 March 2024